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AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1992 Nov;159(5):933-42.

CT of the extraperitoneal space: normal anatomy and fluid collections.

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Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor 48109-0030.


Knowledge of the appearance and location of the normal fascial structures surrounding the kidneys and the bladder is the key to proper CT analysis of extraperitoneal fluid collections. Recent studies have shown that the renal fascia and the perirenal space are more complex than previously recognized. An extracapsular renal hematoma, confined against the kidney by the posterior renorenal septum within the perirenal space, can entirely simulate a subcapsular hematoma. Pancreatitis fluid can dissect between the discrete layers that constitute the posterior renal fascia, allowing fluid in the anterior pararenal space to extend posterior to the kidney without directly involving the posterior pararenal space. The umbilicovesical fascia separates the small perivesical space from the potential large reservoir of the prevesical space in the extraperitoneal portion of the pelvis. Fluid in the prevesical space can communicate directly with the retroperitoneal spaces surrounding the kidney. In addition to compartmental localization, CT features of the fluid itself or the presence of ancillary findings such as aortic aneurysm, enlarged pancreas, renal mass, or hydronephrosis will frequently indicate the cause and the extent of most extraperitoneal fluid collections.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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