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J Bone Miner Res. 1992 Sep;7(9):1021-8.

Chronic adaptation of dog parathyroid function to a low-calcium-high-sodium-vitamin D-deficient diet.

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Centre de recherche clinique André-Viallet, Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


The development of secondary hyperparathyroidism was studied in relation to changes in serum ionized Ca (Ca2+), 25-OHD, and 1,25-(OH)2D concentrations in six dogs maintained on a low-Ca (0.05%), high-Na (1.6%), and vitamin D-deficient diet for 91 weeks. Blood samples and evaluations of the parathyroid function were obtained before and after 3, 12, 24, 36, and 91 weeks of diet. Serum iPTH was measured by an intact hormone (I) and a carboxy-terminal (C) assay. The sigmoidal relationship between ionized Ca and iPTH values was evaluated mathematically. Results are means +/- SD. Statistically significant changes over a time period were evaluated by an ANOVA for repeated measurements. Over the first 3 weeks, serum Ca2+, 25-OHD, and 1,25-(OH)2D did not change but stimulated I-iPTH increased 84.3 +/- 39.9% (p less than 0.005) and C-iPTH only 25.3 +/- 12.2% (p less than 0.01), a significant difference (p less than 0.02). The increase in stimulated I-iPTH reached 487.4 +/- 139.6% (p less than 0.0001) and 418.4 +/- 76.9% (p less than 0.0001) for C-iPTH by the end of the study. Similar significant increases were seen in basal and nonsuppressible iPTH at or after week 12.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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