Send to

Choose Destination
Transplantation. 1992 Oct;54(4):656-60.

The quality of life in renal transplantation--a prospective study.

Author information

Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.


Methodologically sound measures of quality of life are required to judge accurately the impact of successful renal transplantation on patient well-being. The time trade-off (TTO) method is a reproducible and valid measure which we used to prospectively assess changes in the quality of life of 27 patients on maintenance dialysis who subsequently underwent renal transplantation. TTO scores approaching 0 signify a very poor quality of life, while scores approaching 1 represent perfect health. Of 98 dialysis patients who completed baseline TTO interviews, 31 consecutive patients subsequently received 28 cadaveric and 3 living related kidney transplants. Four of 31 patients did not complete a second TTO assessment, because of death in 2 patients and graft loss in 2 others. The remaining 27 patients completed a second TTO interview an average of 30.9 months following transplantation (range 1.5-52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 24.4-37.5) and formed the study cohort. At the time of study the mean serum creatinine for the cohort was 173 mumol/L (range 90-290, 95% CI 152-195 mumol/L). The employment rate rose 27% following transplantation (P = 0.10); but when males alone were analyzed, a significant increase of 38% (P = 0.048) was noted. During the dialysis period, the mean baseline TTO score was 0.41 (95% CI 0.33-0.49), confirming the observations of others. Following transplantation, the mean TTO score rose to 0.74 (95% CI 0.67-0.81), a difference that is statistically significant (P < 0.001). The mean increase in TTO score observed as a result of successful transplantation was 0.33 (95% CI 0.26-0.40). This magnitude of improvement was found in 20 of 27 patients (74%), whose TTO scores lay within or above the 95% CI (0.26-0.40) for the mean change in score of 0.33. One patient's score fell, while the remaining 6 patients had improvements in their TTO score which fell below the lower 95% CI value (0.26) for the mean change in score. We conclude that the 95% CI of 0.26-0.40 identifies a range in which clinically important improvements in quality of life will be found for the majority of patients receiving successful kidney transplants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center