Send to

Choose Destination
Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 1992 Sep;43(1):1-15.

Long-term influence of d-amphetamine on mesolimbic brain-stimulation reward: comparison to chronic haloperidol and naloxone effects.

Author information

Department of Psychology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada.


Rate-intensity functions for brain-stimulation reward from the dopamine (DA) A10 cell region of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) were assessed following chronic exposure to d-amphetamine (10.0 mg/kg), haloperidol (1.0 mg/kg), and naloxone (20.0 mg/kg). A reward depression developed when animals were tested daily 24 h following injection of amphetamine and haloperidol. In the case of amphetamine, this effect was transitory and a full recovery of intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) was evident 5 days after drug abstinence. Low-dose (0.5 mg/kg) amphetamine challenge administered 50 days postdrug treatment decreased current thresholds indicating a long-lasting sensitization of mesolimbic reward processes. The reward depression induced by chronic haloperidol exposure showed no signs of recovery during the abstinence period and ICSS rates remained significantly reduced after amphetamine challenge 50 days later. These behavioral observations suggest that under conditions of continued demand the functional aspects of neuroleptic-induced depolarization inactivation of VTA neurons are enduring. Chronic exposure to naloxone did not modify reward thresholds indicating that opioid hypoactivity may not be a factor in the ICSS depression induced by long-term amphetamine and haloperidol treatment. These data were related to the possibility that stimulant-induced sensitization of motivational processes may evolve as a compensatory response to the transitory development of withdrawal depression.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center