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Oncogene. 1992 Oct;7(10):2013-8.

Suppression of tumorigenesis by the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 following transfer of a normal human chromosome 11.

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Interdepartment Centre for Cancer Research, University of Ferrara, Italy.


Breast cancer development is associated with several genetic abnormalities. Loss of heterozygosity in the short arm of chromosome 11 has been observed in 30% of tumors. We found homozygosity at five chromosome 11 polymorphic loci in genomic DNA of the MCF-7 breast carcinoma cell line, suggesting a possible loss of one chromosome 11. We have studied the transformed and tumorigenic phenotypes of MCF-7 cells following introduction of a normal human chromosome 11 via microcell fusion. MCF-7/H11 cell hybrids, containing chromosome 11, showed in vitro characteristics similar to the parental cell line. However, tumorigenicity in athymic mice was completely suppressed. Since tumor formation by MCF-7 cells is estrogen dependent, we have analysed the expression of the estrogen receptor and of the estrogen-activated gene pS2. No difference was detected between the parental MCF-7 cells and the derived chromosome 11 cell hybrids, indicating that the mechanism of MCF-7 tumor suppression by chromosome 11-associated functions does not directly involve the estrogen/estrogen receptor molecular pathway.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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