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Kidney Int. 1992 Sep;42(3):770-4.

Endothelin receptor antagonism is protective in in vivo acute cyclosporine toxicity.

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Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee.


Endothelin (Et) has been implicated in cyclosporine A (CsA) nephrotoxicity. We have previously shown that CsA treatment in rats results in up-regulation of Et receptors specifically within the kidney. The role of Et in vivo CsA nephrotoxicity was therefore studied further with a new competitive antagonist, BQ-123, specific for Et(A) receptors (EtRA). Systemic administration of CsA in Munich-Wistar rats resulted in marked glomerular hypoperfusion and hypofiltration, with RPF in left and right kidneys falling by some 40% to 1.60 +/- 0.25 and 1.73 +/- 0.38 ml/min and GFR decreasing by some 20% to 0.61 +/- 0.05 and 0.67 +/- 0.11 ml/min, respectively. Selective infusion of EtRA into the left renal artery following systemic CsA treatment had no effect on this hemodynamic pattern (RPF 1.58 +/- 0.29 and 1.92 +/- 0.34 ml/min and GFR 0.60 +/- 0.09 and 0.70 +/- 0.08 ml/min in left and right kidneys, respectively, P = NS vs. CsA period). By contrast, intrarenal infusion of EtRA prior to systemic administration of CsA resulted in a strikingly different pattern of renal hemodynamics. Thus, EtRA pretreatment in the left kidney protected against glomerular dysfunction following CsA: RPF was maintained, 3.23 +/- 0.28 ml/min versus 2.96 +/- 0.31 (P = NS EtRA vs. EtRA + CsA), as was the GFR, 1.04 +/- 0.16 ml/min versus 1.12 +/- 0.09 (P = NS). However, the contralateral right kidneys of these rats, not pretreated with EtRA, showed no protective effect: RPF decreased from 3.15 +/- 0.34 ml/min to 2.39 +/- 0.19 and GFR from 1.04 +/- 0.10 ml/min to 0.85 +/- 0.07 (P less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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