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J Pers Soc Psychol. 1992 Sep;63(3):435-51.

Self-concept change and self-presentation: the looking glass self is also a magnifying glass.

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Department of Psychology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-7123.


Studies 1 and 2 showed that identical behaviors had greater impact on the self-concept when performed publicly rather than privately. That is, the self-concept is more likely to change by internalizing public behavior than by internalizing behavior that is identical but lacks the interpersonal context. The self-concept change extends even to behavioral changes and occurs even when participants are unaware of being observed. In addition, those who are high in self-monitoring are more likely to internalize their behavior than those who are low in self-monitoring. Study 3 provided evidence about what components of a public situation affect the internalization of behavior. Choice about making the self-portrayal, drawing on episodes from one's own past rather than relying on a yoked script, and expecting future interaction with the audience all increased the internalization of a public behavior.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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