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J Leukoc Biol. 1992 Oct;52(4):363-8.

Enhancement of murine macrophage binding of and response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by LPS-binding protein.

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Institute of Biochemistry, University of Lausanne, Epalinges, Switzerland.


We have studied the effects of highly purified rabbit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein (LBP) on the ability of murine bone marrow-derived macrophages to respond to bacterial LPS. Macrophage responses studied include the secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha, production of arginine-derived nitrite (NO2-), and killing of an intracellular pathogen, Leishmania enriettii. Macrophages from either CBA or LPS-hyporesponsive C3H/HeJ mice exhibited significantly greater sensitivity to LPS in the presence of LBP. Furthermore, both CBA and C3H/HeJ macrophages demonstrated an LBP-dependent enhancement of LPS binding. These results suggest that C3H/HeJ macrophages are capable of binding LPS-LBP complexes and support the hypothesis that hyporesponsiveness in this strain involves a step subsequent to LPS binding. Furthermore, these findings provide additional evidence of the important role played by the acute-phase plasma protein LBP in modifying host response to LPS.

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