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J Immunol Methods. 1992 Oct 2;154(2):225-33.

Factors influencing HIV-1 banding patterns in miniaturized western blot testing of dried blood spot specimens.

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Division of HIV/AIDS, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA 30333.


In the HIV Seroprevalence Survey among Childbearing Women (SCBW), antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 are detected using enzyme immunoassays (EIA) and Western blot (WB) methods modified to accommodate samples of blood dried on special collection paper. Dried blood spot (DBS) eluates positive by EIA are tested by one of two WB methods, the miniblot technique using equipment from Immunetics Corporation and the PBS Integra assay (pageblot) from Genetic Systems. In this report we compared the performance of the two WB methods. The identity and position of the viral proteins on the WB were identified using monoclonal antibodies and monospecific antisera. The blots differed substantially in their composition and concentration of viral glycoproteins. Performance of the WB assays with DBS elution buffers from different EIA kits was equivalent except for samples eluted in the Abbott buffer, which reduced detection of antibodies to the p31, p51, p55, and p66 viral proteins. Case classification of DBS, positive sera, dilution curve samples, and seroconversion panels was equivalent by both tests in the presence of all elution buffers. Proficiency evaluation panels sent to SCBW participating laboratories over a 3-year period were used to note the differences between the two WB methods in detection of antibodies to the viral glycoproteins.

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