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J Immunol. 1992 Nov 1;149(9):2977-83.

IL-4 and IFN (alpha and gamma) exert opposite regulatory effects on the development of cytolytic potential by Th1 or Th2 human T cell clones.

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1
Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergology, University of Florence, Italy.

Abstract

The cytolytic potential of a total number of 118 CD4+ human T cell clones specific for purified protein derivative (PPD) from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, tetanus toxoid, Lolium perenne group I allergen (Lol p I), Poa pratensis group IX allergen (Poa p IX), or Toxocara canis excretory/secretory antigen(s) (TES) was assessed by both a lectin (PHA)-dependent and a MHC-restricted lytic assay and compared with their profile of cytokine secretion. The majority of clones with Th1 or Th0 cytokine profile exhibited cytolytic activity in both assays, whereas Th2 clones usually did not. There was an association between the cytolytic potential of T cell clones and their ability to produce IFN-gamma, even though IFN-gamma produced by T cell clones was not responsible for their cytolytic activity. IL-4 added in bulk culture before cloning inhibited not only the differentiation of PPD-specific T cells into Th1-like cell lines and clones, but also the development of their cytolytic potential. The depressive effect of IL-4 on the development of PPD-specific T cell lines with both Th1 cytokine profile and cytolytic potential was dependent on early addition of IL-4 in bulk cultures. In contrast, the addition in bulk culture of IFN-gamma enhanced both the cytolytic activity of PPD-specific T cell lines, as well as the proportion of PPD-specific T cell clones with cytolytic activity. The addition in bulk cultures before cloning of IFN-gamma or IFN-alpha favored the development of TES-specific and Poa p IX-specific T cells into T cell clones showing a Th0 or even a Th1, rather than a Th2, cytokine profile. Accordingly, most of TES- and Poa p IX-specific T cell clones derived from cultures containing IFN-gamma or IFN-alpha displayed strong cytolytic activity. These data indicate that the majority of human T cell clones that produce IFN-gamma, but not IL-4 (Th1-like), as well as of T cell clones that produce IFN-gamma in combination with IL-4 (Th0-like) are cytolytic. More importantly, they demonstrate that the addition of IFN (alpha and gamma) or IL-4 in bulk cultures before cloning may influence not only the cytokine profile of human CD4+ T cell clones but also their cytolytic potential.

PMID:
1401925
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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