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Hum Pathol. 1992 Oct;23(10):1151-8.

The liver in systemic lupus erythematosus: pathologic analysis of 52 cases and review of Japanese Autopsy Registry Data.

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1
First Department of Pathology, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

We present pathologic findings for 52 livers (51 autopsy specimens and one wedge biopsy specimen) from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Hepatic congestion was the most common disease (40 livers), followed by fatty liver (38), arteritis (11), cholestasis (nine), peliosis hepatis (six), chronic persistent hepatitis (six), nonspecific reactive hepatitis (five), cholangiolitis (four), nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver (three), and hemangioma (three). The data obtained here suggest that arteritis of the SLE liver is more common than has been recognized previously. One patient had hepatic infarction complications induced by arteritis. On the basis of the findings in the present study and a review of the literature, we suggest that hepatic infarction resulting from arteritis is rare in SLE. On the other hand, while occurrence of nodular regenerative hyperplasia of the liver in SLE patients has been considered to be rare, our findings suggest that it may be more common than has been recognized previously. Although congestion and cholestasis may be acute terminal illnesses, fatty change is considered to be specific to the SLE liver. Statistical analysis indicates that exposure to a large dosage of glucocorticoids is a significant factor in the etiology of severe fatty liver. In addition, our review of Japanese autopsy registry data for 1,468 patients with SLE indicates that the incidence of chronic liver diseases in SLE autopsy cases is as follows: chronic hepatitis, 2.4%; cirrhosis, 1.1%; and liver fibrosis, 0.8%.

PMID:
1398643
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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