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Digestion. 1992;51 Suppl 1:82-92.

Gastric endocrine cells and gastritis in patients receiving long-term omeprazole treatment.

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  • 1Department of Human Pathology, University of Pavia, Italy.


Both argyrophil endocrine cells and gastritis were investigated in 2,120 biopsies of gastric corpus mucosa from 443 out of 448 patients receiving long-term (for periods ranging from several months to 4 years) omeprazole treatment. None of the patients showed neoplasia or dysplasia, either endocrine or non-endocrine. In 123 out of 443 patients (27.8%), endocrine hyperplasia of diffuse (9.3%), linear (4.1%) or micronodular (14.4%) type was detected either before or at some time during treatment. Chronic atrophic gastritis was found in 45 (10.2%) patients, 60% of whom also showed micronodular hyperplasia. In patients with chronic atrophic gastritis, micronodular hyperplasia occurred in 49% of 96 biopsies, compared with 6% of 1,083 biopsies from patients with non-atrophic chronic gastritis and 2% of 941 biopsies from patients with no evidence of gastritis. In 202 patients treated with omeprazole for at least 330 days, the incidence of micronodular hyperplasia increased from 2.5% at the first biopsy to 10.4% at the final biopsy, while the incidence of chronic atrophic gastritis increased from 1.0% to 13.0%. The present and parallel studies suggest that progression of gastritis is inherent in the natural history of acid-related diseases, while endocrine cell changes are mostly secondary to gastritis-related gland atrophy and have no tumorigenic potential.

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