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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Sep 15;208(3):635-42.

Binding of the competitive inhibitor dCDP to ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase from Escherichia coli studied by 1H NMR. Different properties of the large protein subunit and the holoenzyme.

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1
Department of Biophysics, Stockholm University, Arrhenius Laboratory, Sweden.

Abstract

Ribonucleoside-diphosphate reductase (EC 1.17.4.1) from Escherichia coli consists of two nonidentical subunits, proteins R1 and R2. The binding of the product dCDP to protein R1 and to the holoenzyme R1R2 has been studied by means of 1H-NMR spectroscopy. In presence of the effector dTTP at 25 degrees C, dCDP was found to be in rapid exchange between the binding sites and the solvent which results in a broadening of the dCDP resonances. When both proteins R1 and R2 are present, so that the complex R1R2 is formed, a smaller broadening is observed than with protein R1 alone. No further linewidth decrease was observed when the [R2]/[R1] ratio exceeded 1. The binding constant of dCDP to R1 or R1R2 is the same, Kd = 0.9 mM. The smaller broadening of the dCDP resonances observed with the complex R1R2 as compared with R1 may be explained by the combination of two effects: (a) the overall tumbling time of the protein will increase when going from R1 to R1R2, which will cause the broadening to increase correspondingly, and (b) a twofold decrease of the number of binding sites in rapid exchange, which will decrease the broadening by a factor of 0.5. The effect of R2 without iron (apoR2) is reduced compared with native R2, probably because of some denatured proteins, while a C-terminal peptide from R2 did not cause any narrowing at all.

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