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Eur J Biochem. 1992 Sep 15;208(3):617-22.

Mechanism of the interaction of EcoRII restriction endonuclease with two recognition sites. Probing of modified DNA duplexes as activators of the enzyme.

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1
A. N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology, Moscow State University, Russia.

Abstract

The efficiency of cleavage of DNA duplexes with single EcoRII recognition sites by the EcoRII restriction endonuclease decreases with increasing substrate length. DNA duplexes of more than 215 bp are not effectively cleaved by this enzyme. Acceleration of the hydrolysis of long single-site substrates by EcoRII is observed in the presence of 11-14-bp substrates. The stimulation of hydrolysis depends on the length and concentration of the second substrate. To study the mechanism of EcoRII endonuclease stimulation, DNA duplexes with base analogs and modified internucleotide phosphate groups in the EcoRII site have been investigated as activators. These modified duplexes are cleaved by EcoRII enzyme with different efficiencies or are not cleaved at all. It has been discovered that the resistance of some of them can be overcome by incubation with a susceptible canonical substrate. The acceleration of cleavage of long single-site substrates depends on the type of modification of the activator. The modified DNA duplexes can activate EcoRII catalyzed hydrolysis if they can be cleaved by EcoRII themselves or in the presence of the second canonical substrate. It has been demonstrated that EcoRII endonuclease interacts in a cooperative way with two recognition sites in DNA. The cleavage of one of the recognition sites depends on the cleavage of the other. We suggest that the activator is not an allosteric effector but acts as a second substrate.

PMID:
1396668
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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