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Curr Opin Dent. 1992 Sep;2:72-80.

Immunization against dental caries.

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University of Alabama at Birmingham.


The development of a vaccine against dental caries involves identification of appropriate antigens of mutans streptococci against which protective immune responses can be mounted, and the selection of a method of immunization that will generate sustained levels of salivary antibodies. Antigens receiving most attention include streptococcal surface proteins that are involved in attachment to tooth surfaces and glucosyltransferases that synthesize adhesive glucans from sucrose. Recent advances in mucosal immunology and the introduction of novel strategies for inducing mucosal immune responses now raise the possibility of constructing an effective and safe vaccine. Passive immunization by the oral application of performed antibodies against selected antigens of mutans streptococci has also shown promise and may facilitate understanding of the mechanisms of protective immunity against caries.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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