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Protective effects of a novel perfluorochemical emulsion in photodynamic therapy.

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Dept. Life Science, University of Nottingham, U.K.


The effects of pre-injection of mice with a novel perfluorodecalin-based emulsion on the responses to photodynamic therapy (PDT) using the photosensitizer, metatetra (hydroxyphenyl) porphyrin (m-THPP), have been studied. Injection of emulsion after m-THPP and before illumination (activating wavelength 648 nm) protected skin against PDT-induced inflammatory effects, as reflected by decreases (P less than 0.05) in vascular permeability and oedema formation. However, there was no protection against epidermal cell loss. In contrast, injection of emulsion before sensitizer had no corresponding effect. A fall in mean dermal temperature of up to 6 degrees C occurred in mice injected with emulsion 1-2.5 h before illumination suggesting a decrease in skin blood flow which would reduce oedema formation. Possible mechanism(s) for this apparent protective effect are discussed.

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