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J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 1992 Oct;43(5):445-9.

Control of steroidogenesis in Leydig cells.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine, London, England.

Abstract

Luteinizing hormone (LH) interacts with its plasma membrane receptor to stimulate steroidogenesis not only via cyclic AMP but also other pathways which include arachidonic acid and leukotrienes and regulation of chloride and calcium channels. The same stimulatory pathways may lead to desensitization and down-regulation of the LH receptor and steroidogenesis. The LH receptor exists in a dynamic state, being truncated, or internalized, degraded or recycled. Desensitization is controlled by protein kinase C (PKC) in the rat and by cyclic AMP dependent protein kinase and PKC in the mouse Leydig cells. Using an adapted anti-sense oligonucleotide strategy we have shown that the cytoplasmic C-terminal sequence of the LH receptor is essential for desensitization to occur. In contrast, these sequences of the LH receptor are not required for the stimulation of cyclic AMP and steroid production. We have also shown that the extracellular domain of the LH receptor is secreted from the Leydig cell and may act as a LH-binding protein.

PMID:
1390294
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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