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J Neural Transm Gen Sect. 1992;89(3):219-32.

Blood-CSF barrier permeability and central nervous system immunoglobulin G in schizophrenia.

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  • 1Division of Clinical Research, National Institute of Mental Health, Rockville, Maryland.


The ratio of albumin in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to serum may serve as an index of the integrity of the blood-CSF barrier, with increases in this ratio indicating increased permeability. The ratio of immunoglobulin G (IgG) in CSF to serum (divided by the albumin ratio to correct for variance in blood-CSF permeability) represents an index of the endogenous production of IgG in the central nervous system (CNS), with increases reflecting a possible infectious and/or autoimmune process stimulating central IgG synthesis. We analyzed simultaneously collected CSF and serum samples from 46 schizophrenic subjects, 8 of whom were studied both on and off neuroleptic treatment, and samples from 20 normal controls. The data indicated increases in CSF/serum albumin ratios or CSF/serum IgG indices in 22% and 20%, respectively, of the schizophrenic patients. Only 3 patients showed elevations in both indices. Comparison of values on and off neuroleptics indicated no significant effect of neuroleptics on these indices.

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