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Eur J Immunol. 1992 Sep;22(9):2437-43.

Restricted diversity of V gamma 9-JP rearrangements in unstimulated human gamma/delta T lymphocytes.

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Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, Faculté Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.


The diversity of human peripheral blood gamma/delta T cells is known to be limited by the preferential use of V genes coding for V gamma 9 (usually linked to JP) and V delta 2. We show that the diversity of these cells is further limited at the junctional region. First, an identical rearrangement is found in 10%-30% of all gamma/delta T cells which contain V gamma 9-JP rearrangements. Second, the vast majority of V gamma 9-JP rearrangements which are different from this predominant sequence have, nevertheless, the same length or code for variable regions whose length differs by only one amino acid (+/- 1). Overall, 30%-50% of V gamma 9-JP rearrangements have a junctional region which encodes for a peptide with the amino acid sequence E VX EL, in which EV is predominantly, but not exclusively, encoded by the germ-line V gamma 9 sequence and EL is encoded by JP. The X amino acid is variable, but a glutamine is over-represented. The diversity of the V gamma 9-JP repertoire is fairly constant in different individuals and at different ages, including before, during and after the post-natal expansion of peripheral blood gamma/delta T cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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