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Cell Motil Cytoskeleton. 1992;22(4):281-95.

Immunohistochemical studies on the distribution of cellular myosin II isoforms in brain and aorta.

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Laboratory of Neurobiochemistry, New York State Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities, Staten Island 10314.


The distribution of nonmuscle myosin isoforms in brain and aorta was studied by using polyclonal antibodies against two synthetic peptides selected from a region near the carboxyl terminus of bovine brain (peptide IIB) and human macrophage (peptide IIA) myosin. Immunoblots of brain homogenates and purified myosin showed two major bands stained by anti-peptide IIB (MIIB1 and MIIB2) and a minor band stained by anti-peptide IIA (MIIA2). Polyclonal anti-human platelet myosin antibodies did not react with MIIB isoforms. In cryosections from bovine, rat, and mouse brains, anti-peptide IIB stained most neuronal cells. In bovine cryosections, glial staining was also observed. In contrast, anti-peptide IIA and anti-platelet myosin antibodies primarily stained blood vessels. In bovine aorta, the anti-peptide antibodies recognized four bands, MIIB3, MIIB4, MIIA1, and MIIA2. Only MIIA2 was recognized by anti-human platelet myosin antibodies. In bovine aorta cryosections, anti-peptide IIB stained smooth muscle cells in tunica intima and tunica media but did not stain endothelial cells. Anti-peptide IIA stained smooth muscle cells in the tunica media, and endothelial cells of vaso vasorum but not of aorta. Only polyclonal anti-platelet myosin antibodies stained the endothelial cells of aorta tunica intima. These results indicate that multiple isoforms of cellular myosins exist in mammals, that these isoforms are expressed in a cell specific manner, and that the major myosin isoforms isolated from whole brain originate from neurons and, at least in bovine brain, from glia, but not from blood vessels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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