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J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn. 1992 Jul;18(4):765-76.

Reaction time measures of spelling: testing a two-strategy model of skilled spelling.

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1
Department of Psychology and Counselor Education, Central Missouri State University, Warrensburg 64093.

Abstract

Two strategies have been suggested to be important in skilled English spelling: a lexical strategy, which relies on word-specific graphemic information, and a rule strategy, which relies on phoneme-to-grapheme correspondences. Limitations in the usefulness of spelling accuracy as a dependent variable make it difficult to test claims about how the strategies might work together. Two experimental paradigms that measure both spelling accuracy and time are suggested to be useful. Results produced with the paradigms were consistent with the claims that skilled spellers make use of both strategies and that the lexical strategy is more useful than the rule strategy. Working memory may be important in combining products of both strategies. Results were inconsistent with the claim that the rule strategy is invoked only when the lexical strategy fails to produce a complete spelling.

PMID:
1385614
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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