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J Infect Dis. 1992 Dec;166(6):1329-34.

Binding of plasminogen to Neisseria meningitidis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae and formation of surface-associated plasmin.

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1
Department of Clinical Microbiology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

Forty-two strains of Neisseria meningitidis and 17 of Neisseria gonorrhoeae were tested for their ability to interact with 125I-labeled Glu-plasminogen. All strains tested reacted substantially with plasminogen, resulting in uptake values of 20%-48%. Scatchard analysis with selected N. meningitidis strains demonstrated a dual-phase receptor interaction, one more avid receptor with a Kd of 50 nM and 3000-6000 receptors per bacterium and a second receptor with a Kd of 200 nM and 10,000-20,000 receptors per bacterium. Plasminogen uptake could be completely eliminated by low concentrations of epsilon-aminocaproic acid, suggesting that the lysine binding sites on the plasminogen molecule are involved in the receptor-ligand interaction. The binding of plasminogen to the bacterial receptor facilitates the tissue-type plasminogen activator-mediated conversion to Glu-plasmin, which also modifies itself to the Lys form. Receptor-associated plasmin is enzymatically active, monitored as a breakdown of the chromogenic substrate S-2251, and retains its activity in the presence of naturally occurring inhibitors in plasma.

PMID:
1385549
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/166.6.1329
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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