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FEBS Lett. 1992 Nov 16;313(1):85-9.

Osteoclasts express high levels of p60c-src, preferentially on ruffled border membranes.

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Department of Biochemistry, School of Dentistry, Showa University, Tokyo, Japan.


Expression of p60c-src, the normal cellular counterpart of the transforming protein of Rous sarcoma virus (RSV), p60v-src, was examined in mouse and rat authentic osteoclasts and mouse osteoclast-like multinucleated cells (MNCs) formed in vitro. In co-cultures of mouse osteoblastic cells and spleen cells, the expression of p60c-src strikingly increased on day 5 in parallel with the appearance of MNCs in the presence of 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1 alpha,25(OH)2D3). Immunohistochemical examination confirmed the high level expression of p60c-src in both mouse authentic osteoclasts and MNCs. Electron microscopic examination revealed that p60c-src was primarily localized on ruffled border membranes and vacuoles, but not on the clear zone in rat authentic osteoclasts. These results suggest that p60c-src is important in osteoclastic bone resorption.

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