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Eur J Pharmacol. 1992 Sep 22;220(2-3):203-9.

Effects of L- and N-type Ca2+ channel antagonists on excitatory amino acid-evoked dopamine release.

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Douglas Hospital Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


In the present study we tested the effect of dihydropyridine (DHP) Ca2+ channel antagonists and of omega-conotoxin GVIA on [3H]dopamine (DA) release evoked by the activation of excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors in cultures of fetal rat ventral mesencephalon, in order to investigate the role of voltage-sensitive L- and N-type Ca2+ channels in these EAA-mediated processes. Micromolar concentrations (10-30 microM) of DHP L-type Ca2+ channel antagonists inhibited [3H]DA release evoked by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), kainate, quisqualate or veratridine. [3H]DA release evoked by the L-type Ca2+ channel agonist, Bay K 8644, was inhibited by lower concentrations (0.1-1 microM) of the DHP antagonist, nitrendipine, than was the release evoked by EAAs. The DHP antagonist, (+)-PN 200-110, was more potent than (-)-PN 200-110 in inhibiting [3H]DA release evoked by Bay K 8644, but the two stereoisomers were equipotent in inhibiting NMDA-evoked release. These results indicate that activation of L-type Ca2+ channels is able to evoke [3H]DA release. However activation of L-type channels is not involved in EAA-induced [3H]DA release and therefore inhibition of EAA-induced [3H]DA release by micromolar concentrations of DHPs must be mediated by actions other than inhibition of L-type Ca2+ channels. omega-Conotoxin GVIA (3 microM) had no effect on [3H]DA release evoked by Bay K 8644, indicating that the toxin may selectively inhibit N-type channels in this preparation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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