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Br J Haematol. 1992 Oct;82(2):368-73.

Levels of complement regulatory proteins, CD35 (CR1), CD46 (MCP) and CD55 (DAF) in human haematological malignancies.

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1
Department of Immunology, Centre for Adult Diseases Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

Levels of the membrane complement regulatory proteins, C3b/C4b receptor (CR1, CD35), membrane cofactor protein (MCP, CD46), and decay-accelerating factor (DAF, CD55), expressed on cells from patients with haematological malignancies and normal subjects were assessed by flowcytometry using the respective monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). All myeloid and most lymphoid leukaemia samples tested were CR1-negative: two of the 42 leukaemia samples expressed minute amounts of CR1. Lack of CR1 in leukaemia cells was confirmed with two mAbs raised against CR1, 31R, and 243R, which recognized different epitopes and induced different degrees of CR1-mediated fluorescent shift on flow-cytometry in granulocytes and erythrocytes. MCP was increased in most chronic myelogenous leukaemia (CML) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), and was also increased in majority of acute nonlymphocytic leukaemia (ANLL), acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Levels of DAF were also high in CML and CLL, and were variable in other types of leukaemia: some were DAF-negative while others expressed extremely high levels of DAF. In CML patients, the high level of MCP and the lack of CR1 were normalized after medical treatment. These results are in agreement with the data obtained with human leukaemia cell lines, and support the hypothesis that CR1 is essentially a differentiated cell antigen and that a high level of MCP reflects some malignant transformation or an immature stage in blood cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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