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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Oct 15;188(1):235-43.

Up-regulation of hepatocyte growth factor gene expression by interleukin-1 in human skin fibroblasts.

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Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) functions as a hepatotrophic and renotrophic factor for regeneration of the liver and kidney. When 1 ng/ml of interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1 alpha) or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) was added to cultures of human skin fibroblasts, the production of HGF was 5-6 fold higher than levels in the controls. HGF mRNA level in the cells was increased to 4-fold higher levels at 6 h after exposure to IL-1 alpha. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interferon-gamma but no other cytokine tested had slightly stimulatory effects on HGF production. The tumor promoter, tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA) markedly enhanced the stimulatory effect of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta on the production of HGF. The stimulatory effect of both IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta and the synergistical stimulation with TPA were completely abrogated by 10 ng/ml TGF-beta 1 or 1 microM dexamethasone. These results suggest that IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are positive regulators for expression of the HGF gene and are likely have a role in regeneration of tissues following the occurrence of inflammatory diseases.

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