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Biochemistry. 1977 Feb 8;16(3):531-40.

Anthroylouabain: a specific fluorescent probe for the cardiac glycoside receptor of the Na-K ATPase.


Anthroylouabain (AO) was synthesized by reaction of anthracene-9-carboxylic chloride with ouabain. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of AO suggests that the anthracene is esterfied to the rhamnose in the glycoside. AO inhibits Na-K ATPase from human red cells, eel electroplax and rabbit and dog kidney with a KI less than 1muM. AO bound to rabbit or dog kidney Na-K ATPase shows enhanced fluorescence and characteristic spectral shifts. AO binding requires Mg and is optimum in the presence of Mg + Pi or MgATP + Na; ouabain prevents AO binding and fluorescence enhancement if added before AO or reverses it if added after AO is bound. Na inhibits AO binding in the presence of Mg + Pi and K inhibits it in the presence of MgATP + Na. AO binding and dissociation rate constants measured by fluorescence agree qualitatively with reported measurements for ouabain, using other methods, although AO shows faster kinetics than ouabain. Dissociation constants obtained from kinetic measurements are 1.5 X 10(-7) and 1.8 X 10(-7) M for the MgATP + Na complex and Mg + Pi complex, respectively. KD from fluorescence titrations is 2.3 X 10(-7) M for the latter. The enzyme has 2-2.5 nmol of AO binding sites/mg of protein. No differences in the fluorescence parameters of the Mg + Pi or MgATP + Na complexes were observed, suggesting that the same enzyme conformation binds AO under both ligand conditions. Comparison of the AO fluorescence parameters in the enzyme with those of model systems suggests that the binding site is hydrophobic and/or viscous and shielded from H2O. The results indicate that AO is a specific fluorescent probe of the cardiac glycoside receptor of the Na-K ATPase. Possible applications are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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