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J Gen Microbiol. 1992 Sep;138(9):1843-55.

Sequence and structural analysis of the rfb (O antigen) gene cluster from a group C1 Salmonella enterica strain.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Sydney, Australia.


The rfb (O antigen) gene cluster of a group C1 Salmonella enterica strain was sequenced; it comprised seven open reading frames which precisely replaced the 16 open reading frames of a group B strain. Two genes of the mannose biosynthetic pathway were present: rfbK (phosphomannomutase) had a G+C content of 0.61 and had only 40% identity to rfbK of group B but was very similar to cpsG of the capsular polysaccharide pathway with 96% identity, whereas rfbM [guanosine diphosphomannose (GDP-Man) pyrophosphorylase] had a G+C content of 0.39. Other genes had G+C contents ranging from 0.24 to 0.28. rfbM(C1) and rfbM(B) had 60% identity, which is much less than expected within a species, but nonetheless indicates a much more recent common ancestor than for rfbK. The other genes showed much lower or no similarity to rfb genes of other S. enterica strains. It appears that the gene cluster evolved outside of Salmonella in a species with low G+C content: the rfbM gene presumably derives from that period whereas the rfbK gene appears to have arisen after transfer of the cluster to S. enterica by duplication of the S. enterica cpsG gene, presumably replacing an rfbK gene of low G+C content.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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