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Diabetologia. 1992 Sep;35(9):868-72.

Elevated plasma insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with peripheral neuropathy.

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Department of Medicine, University of Manchester, Hope Hospital, Salford, UK.


Previous studies have suggested that nerve regeneration may be defective in patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. Since insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) has been shown to stimulate nerve regeneration, and IGF binding protein-1 is acutely regulated by plasma insulin we have investigated the relationships between plasma IGF-I, IGFBP-1, glucose and insulin in Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with peripheral polyneuropathy. Plasma samples were taken at hourly intervals over an 11-h period (08.00-19.00 hours) in order to characterise secretory profiles for 15 Type 1 diabetic patients (eight neuropathic and seven non-neuropathic) and eight non-diabetic control subjects. In the non-diabetic subjects, mean plasma IGF-I levels were stable throughout the 11-h period with a range of 97 micrograms/l-169 micrograms/l. In contrast, mean plasma IGFBP-1 levels declined steadily from a high level of 1.99 micrograms/l at 08.00 hours to approximately one half (0.86 microgram/l) at 15.00 hours. Comparison of areas under the curves revealed significant negative correlations between IGFBP-1 and glucose (-0.88, p = 0.01), IGFBP-1 and insulin (-0.75, p = 0.016), and IGFBP-1 and IGF-I (-0.68, p = 0.03). A significant positive correlation was found between insulin and IGF-I (+0.89, p = 0.001). The diabetic patients had markedly elevated plasma IGFBP-1 levels (area under curve, p = 0.01) and lower plasma IGF-I levels (p = 0.033) even though these patients were hyperinsulinaemic throughout the study period.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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