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Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1992 Nov;65(2):152-60.

Predominant usage of V beta 8.3 T cell receptor in a T cell line that induces experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU).

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Laboratory of Immunology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Experimental autoimmune uveoretinitis (EAU) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease induced in animals by immunization with retinal proteins (or synthetic fragments derived from them) in adjuvant, and it is considered a model of human autoimmune diseases of the eye. To study the T cell clonotypes that may be involved in EAU, we analyzed the T cell repertoire of three related T cell lines: the pathogenic line LR16, specific to the major uveitogenic epitope of IRBP; its pathogenic subline J; and its nonpathogenic subline A. We examined the expression of the genes coding for the variable regions of the 20 known Lewis rat T cell antigen receptor (TCR) V beta families. The nonpathogenic subline was found to contain mostly T cells expressing V beta 5, V beta 8.2, and V beta 19 while the pathogenic subline consisted mainly of cells expressing V beta 8.3 TCRs. Genomic Southern blot analysis of DNA from the pathogenic subline showed that V beta 8.3-expressing T cells were the dominant clonotype, and DNA sequence analyses of V beta 8.3 cDNAs revealed that two V beta 8.3 TCRs were expressed in the pathogenic subline. One of the V beta 8.3 cDNAs encoded a variable region gene segment identical to previously reported rat V beta 8.3 TCR while the other differed by two amino acids in the second complementarity determining region (CDR2). Taken together with previous data showing overrepresentation of V beta 8-expression in T cell lines that induce EAU, but not in nonuveitogenic T cell lines, our results suggest that V beta 8.3-expressing T cells represent a pathogenic clonotype in IRBP-induced EAU.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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