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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1992;98(3):205-10.

Mouse IL-3 induces histamine release from mouse peritoneal mast cells.

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Department of Medicine and Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


In this study, we have attempted to determine whether mouse peritoneal mast cells released histamine in response to IL-3. Recombinant mouse (m)IL-3 induced histamine release from mouse peritoneal mast cells in a dose-dependent fashion. Histamine release did not occur in the absence of phosphatidyl serine (PS), and was dependent on PS concentrations. The release was 14.3 +/- 3.8 and 43.5 +/- 11.5% (mean +/- SEM, n = 5) at 1 nM IL-3 in the presence of 10 and 20 micrograms/ml of PS. Calcium was required for the response, and in the absence of calcium, significant histamine release was not observed. The kinetics were slower than those of anti-IgE-induced response. IL-3-induced histamine release reached a peak within 15 min, while that by anti-IgE reached 80% of the maximum in 3 min. Lower concentrations of IL-3, which failed to directly induce histamine release, did not enhance anti-IgE-induced histamine release. Other cytokines, including mIL-4, mIL-5, m-granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, human (h)IL-1 alpha, hIL-1 beta and hIL-8, neither induced histamine release nor enhanced anti-IgE induced histamine release. IL-4 had no capacity to enhance IL-3-induced histamine release. These results suggest that locally produced IL-3 might modulate mast cell-related inflammation through histamine release from mast cells.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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