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Mutat Res. 1992 Sep;269(1):41-53.

Screening for mutations in human HPRT cDNA using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in combination with constant denaturant gel electrophoresis (CDGE).

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1
Department of Genetics, Norwegian Radium Hospital, Montebello, Oslo.

Abstract

Previously, we reported the modification of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis called constant denaturant gel electrophoresis (CDGE). CDGE separates mutant fragments in specific melting domains. CDGE seems to be a useful tool in mutation detection. Since the hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) gene is widely used as target locus for mutation studies in vitro and in vivo, we have examined the approach of analyzing human HPRT cDNA by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and CDGE. All nine HPRT exons are included in a 716-bp cDNA fragment obtained by PCR using HPRT cDNA as template. When the full-length cDNA fragment was examined by CDGE, it was possible to detect mutations only in the last part of exon 8 and exon 9. However, digestion of the cDNA fragment with the restriction enzyme AvaI prior to CDGE enabled us to detect point mutations in most of exon 2, the beginning of exon 3, the last part of exon 8 and exon 9. With the use of two internal primer sets, including a GC-rich clamp on one of the primers in each pair, a region containing most of exon 3 through exon 6 was amplified and we were able to resolve fragments with point mutations in this region from wild-type DNA. The approach described here allows for rapid screening of point mutations in about two thirds of the human HPRT cDNA sequence. In a test of this approach, we were able to resolve 12 of 13 known mutants. The mutant panel included one single-base deletion, one two-base deletion and 11 single-base substitutions.

PMID:
1381470
DOI:
10.1016/0027-5107(92)90159-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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