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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1992 May;8(5):742-51.

Studies on a type D retrovirus isolated from an AIDS patient lymphoma.

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M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030.


The development of AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL) has been on the rise in recent years. During an analysis of ARL from AIDS patients, one individual developed atypical syncytial variants of high-grade Burkitt's-type B-cell lymphomas, which prompted further study. However, the search for a HIV-1 retrovirus, which we hypothesized was infecting these cells, led to the subsequent discovery of a type D retrovirus in two early-passage lymphoma cell lines derived from this patient. Nucleotide and amino acid sequence analysis, as well as immunologic reactivity, indicated that the virus was closely related to Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) or simian retrovirus type 1 (SRV-1). MPMV and SRV-1 are immunosuppressive type D retroviruses that cause an AIDS-like syndrome in rhesus macaques. Amplification of DNA from the patient's diagnostic bone marrow biopsy specimen by the polymerase chain reaction generated MPMV-specific fragments indicative of infection by a retrovirus similar to MPMV. Additionally, the patient's serum contained antibodies that recognized type D retroviral env proteins (gp20 and gp70) and gag proteins (p27 and p14) as assayed by immunoblot and radioimmunoprecipitation techniques. Although there have been reports of human cell lines infected with type D retroviruses and of type D reactive human sera, this is the first report of a type D retrovirus infection in a human confirmed by virus isolation, serum immunoreactivity, and viral DNA identification in tumor tissue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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