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AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1992 May;8(5):553-8.

Functional activity of an HIV-1 neutralizing IgG human monoclonal antibody: ADCC and complement-mediated lysis.

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1
Department of Medicine, New England Deaconess Hospital, Boston, MA.

Abstract

The IgG1 kappa, human monoclonal antibody (HMAb), F105, was studied for functional activity in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC). F105 reacts with a discontinuous epitope on the CD4 binding site of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein, gp120, expressed on the surfaces of infected cells and neutralizes diverse viral strains at antibody concentrations readily achievable in humans. Neither F105 nor serum (diluted 1:50) from HIV seropositive donors mediate CDC against an SF2-infected cell line with rabbit or human sera as a source of complement. F105 and HIV-1 sera mediate ADCC against the SF2 strain. Normal human serum reduced spontaneous lysis of SF2 by peripheral blood monocytes (PBM). Although mixing of F105 with normal human serum reduced the lysis observed (36 +/- 8 vs. 42 +/- 8%), this still was significantly greater than lysis in media (30 +/- 5%) or normal human serum (23 +/- 6%) (p less than .05). A murine antibody to CD16 significantly reduced spontaneous lysis observed with media (30 +/- 5 vs. 18 +/- 3%) while normal mouse serum had no effect (31 +/- 7%). ADCC mediated by F105 is completely abrogated by the anti-CD16 antibody (42 +/- 8 vs. 22 +/- 4%), while only a fraction of ADCC mediated by HIV sera is inhibited by anti-CD16 (60 +/- 9 vs. 46 +/- 6%), suggesting that several populations of effector cells function in ADCC mediated by the polyclonal sera. Thus, F105, as opposed to polyclonal sera, mediates ADCC through a CD16+ PBM population.

PMID:
1381201
DOI:
10.1089/aid.1992.8.553
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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