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J Immunol. 1992 Aug 15;149(4):1424-31.

Alpha 4/beta 1 integrin (VLA-4) ligands in arthritis. Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in synovium and on fibroblast-like synoviocytes.

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  • 1UCSD Medical Center 92103.


Expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) in synovial tissue was determined using the immunoperoxidase technique. Normal, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and osteoarthritis (OA) synovia bound VCAM-1 antibodies in the intimal lining as well as blood vessels. The amount of VCAM-1 was significantly greater in the synovial lining of RA and OA tissues compared with normal synovium (p less than 0.002). There was also a trend toward greater levels of VCAM-1 staining in blood vessels of arthritic tissue (RA greater than OA greater than normal). Because VCAM-1 staining was especially intense in the synovial lining, VCAM-1 expression and regulation was studied on cultured fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) derived from this region. Both VCAM-1 and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 were constitutively expressed on FLS. VCAM-1 expression was further increased by exposure to IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-4, and IFN-gamma. These cytokines (except for IL-4) also induced intercellular adhesion molecule 1 expression on FLS. ELAM was not detected on resting or cytokine-stimulated FLS. The specificity of VCAM-1 for FLS was demonstrated by the fact that only trace amounts were detected on normal and RA dermal fibroblasts. Cytokines induced intercellular adhesion molecule 1 display on dermal fibroblasts but had minimal effect on VCAM-1 expression. Finally, in adherence assays, Jurkat cell binding to resting FLS monolayers was inhibited by antibody to alpha 4/beta 1 integrin (VLA-4), CS-1 peptide from alternatively spliced fibronectin (which is another VLA-4 ligand), and, to a lesser extent, anti-VCAM-1 antibody. After cytokine stimulation of FLS, Jurkat-binding significantly increased, and this increase was blocked by anti-VCAM-1 antibody. Therefore, both CS-1 and VCAM-1 participate in VLA-4-mediated adherence to resting FLS in vitro, and VCAM-1 is responsible for the increase in Jurkat binding mediated by cytokines.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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