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Mutat Res. 1992 Aug;274(2):111-22.

Radiation-sensitive irs mutants rejoin DNA double-strand breaks with efficiency similar to that of parental V79 cells but show altered response to radiation-induced G2 delay.

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Thomas Jefferson University, Department of Radiation Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19107.


Induction and repair of DNA double-strand breaks (dsb) was investigated in plateau phase Chinese hamster V79 cells and three radiosensitive mutant cell lines derived from them, irs-1, irs-2 and irs-3, using a pulsed-field gel electrophoresis assay, Asymmetric Field Inversion Gel Electrophoresis (AFIGE). There was no difference in the induction of DNA dsb per Gy and dalton between the radiosensitive mutant cells and wild-type V79 cells despite the wide differences in their radiosensitivity. Also, repair of DNA dsb proceeded in all cell lines with similar kinetics. In contrast to these observations at the DNA level, irradiation of exponentially growing cells showed a prolonged delay in G2 for irs-2 cells and a shortened delay in G2 for irs-1 cells, as compared to wild-type V79 cells. These results confirm previous observations suggesting that a deficiency in the rejoining of DNA dsb is unlikely to be the cause of the increased radiosensitivity of irs cells, and implicate alterations in postirradiation cell cycle progression as a possible cause for this phenomenon, although the mechanism is not known.

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