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Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 1992;98(1):26-34.

Mast cell heterogeneity: evidence that mast cells isolated from various connective tissue locations in the rat display markedly graded phenotypes.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, University College London, UK.

Abstract

The present study has extended histochemical and functional investigations into rat mast cell heterogeneity using isolated mast cells from four connective tissue locations; the peritoneum, mesentery, lung and skin. On histological examination, mast cells from these locations displayed a range of phenotypes following formalin fixation and staining with Alcian blue/safranin O, suggesting the existence of both chondroitin sulphate and heparin proteoglycans in varying proportions in these cell types. Functional studies using the structurally diverse polycationic secretagogues, compound 48/80, the polyamino acids, polymyxin B, substance P, ACTH1-24, mastoparan, protamine sulphate, histone, d-tubocurarine and ranitidine confirmed the existence of such phenotypic gradation. This investigation highlights the inappropriate usage of the terms CTMC and MMC which represent two phenotypic extremes between which a gradation of phenotypes clearly exists.

PMID:
1378040
DOI:
10.1159/000236161
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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