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J Neuroimmunol. 1992 Jul;39(1-2):67-74.

Myelin proteolipid protein: minimum sequence requirements for active induction of autoimmune encephalomyelitis in SWR/J and SJL/J mice.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry, E.K. Shriver Center, Waltham, MA.

Abstract

Proteolipid protein (PLP) is the major protein constituent of mammalian central nervous system myelin. We have previously identified two different PLP encephalitogenic T cell epitopes in two mouse strains. Murine PLP peptides 103-116 YKTTICGKGLSATV and 139-151 HCLGKWLGHPDKF are encephalitogenic determinants in SWR/J (H-2q) and SJL/J (H-2s) mice, respectively. The purpose of the present study was to determine the minimum sequence requirements for each of these PLP encephalitogens. In SWR/J mice, at least two distinct overlapping peptides can induce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The eleven residue sequences PLP 105-115 TTICGKGLSAT and PLP 106-116 TICGKGLSATV are encephalitogenic in SWR/J mice, but PLP 106-115 TICGKGLSAT, the decapeptide indigenous to both sequences, is non-encephalitogenic. In contrast, the shortest PLP sequence capable of inducing EAE in SJL/J mice is the nonapeptide 141-149 LGKWLGHPD. These data indicate that encephalitogenic determinants of PLP are short contiguous peptide sequences similar in length and diversity to those of MBP.

PMID:
1377711
DOI:
10.1016/0165-5728(92)90175-k
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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