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J Neuroimmunol. 1992 Jul;39(1-2):67-74.

Myelin proteolipid protein: minimum sequence requirements for active induction of autoimmune encephalomyelitis in SWR/J and SJL/J mice.

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Department of Biochemistry, E.K. Shriver Center, Waltham, MA.


Proteolipid protein (PLP) is the major protein constituent of mammalian central nervous system myelin. We have previously identified two different PLP encephalitogenic T cell epitopes in two mouse strains. Murine PLP peptides 103-116 YKTTICGKGLSATV and 139-151 HCLGKWLGHPDKF are encephalitogenic determinants in SWR/J (H-2q) and SJL/J (H-2s) mice, respectively. The purpose of the present study was to determine the minimum sequence requirements for each of these PLP encephalitogens. In SWR/J mice, at least two distinct overlapping peptides can induce experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). The eleven residue sequences PLP 105-115 TTICGKGLSAT and PLP 106-116 TICGKGLSATV are encephalitogenic in SWR/J mice, but PLP 106-115 TICGKGLSAT, the decapeptide indigenous to both sequences, is non-encephalitogenic. In contrast, the shortest PLP sequence capable of inducing EAE in SJL/J mice is the nonapeptide 141-149 LGKWLGHPD. These data indicate that encephalitogenic determinants of PLP are short contiguous peptide sequences similar in length and diversity to those of MBP.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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