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Endocrinol Jpn. 1992 Feb;39(1):121-7.

Western ligand blot assay for human growth hormone-dependent insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP-3): the serum levels in patients with classical growth hormone deficiency.

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Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Tokyo Metropolitan Kiyose Children's Hospital, Japan.


The insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGFs), important growth factors both in vivo and in vitro, are known to have at least six binding proteins (IGFBP-1-6). In human serum, IGFBP-3 is a major binding protein and is considered to be GH-IGF-I-dependent. We have established a Western Ligand Blot (WLB) assay for IGFBP-3. The method is a densitometric analysis of IGFBP-3 bands on a film of WLB. The IGFBP-3 levels of patients with classical growth hormone deficiency (GHD, 5 isolated and 10 multiple hormone deficiencies with appropriate therapy) were studied. Before puberty there is no overlap between control (n = 31) and the patients with GHD (n = 10). However, IGFBP-3 levels of two of five pubertal patients with GHD were within the normal range (n = 16). We think that measurement of serum IGFBP-3 is a useful diagnostic marker for GHD, especially before puberty.

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