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Int J Cancer. 1992 Jun 19;51(4):641-5.

Inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis by the administration of recombinant interferon-gamma followed by a synthetic lipid-A subunit analogue (GLA-60).

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Institute of Immunological Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


The effect of the administration of recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) and a synthetic lipid A subunit analog (GLA-60) on angiogenesis induced by B16-BL6 melanoma was examined in syngeneic C57BL/6 mice. Intravenous administration of rIFN-gamma followed by GLA-60 (referred to as rIFN-gamma/GLA-60) induced endogenous production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF). This treatment on day 3 after tumor inoculation caused a marked decrease in the number of vessels oriented towards the tumor mass (angiogenic response) and tumor size over a period of 9 days. In contrast, neither rIFN-gamma nor GLA-60 alone, nor GLA-60/rIFN-gamma (reverse sequence of administration), which is unable to induce the production of TNF in the serum, had any effect. Sera induced by the treatment with rIFN-gamma/GLA-60, and recombinant TNF, inhibited the in vitro growth of lung endothelial cells which is considered to be one of the essential events in tumor neovascularization. Multiple i.v. treatments with rIFN-gamma/GLA-60 on days 5, 8 and 11 after s.c. implantation of tumor significantly inhibited primary tumor growth by the amputation time (day 20) and lung metastasis of B16-BL6 cells on day 34, while other treatment modalities had no such effect. Our results indicate that inhibition of lung-tumor metastasis by rIFN-gamma/GLA-60 treatment may be partly due to the inhibition of tumor-associated angiogenesis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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