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Eur J Immunol. 1992 Jun;22(6):1467-75.

Both LFA-1-positive and -deficient T cell clones require the CD2/LFA-3 interaction for specific cytolytic activation.

Author information

1
Division of Immunology, The Netherlands Cancer Institute, Amsterdam.

Abstract

We investigated the capacity of T lymphocytes from a leukocyte adhesion-deficient (LAD) patient to respond to alloantigen. Leukocytes of this patient completely lacked LFA-1 surface expression due to the absence of mRNA coding for the LFA-1 beta chain. Despite the absence of LFA-1, T lymphocytes obtained from this patient, cultured with allogeneic stimulator cells (lymphoblastoid B cells JY), were capable of lysing JY cells. Furthermore, two T cell clones (one CD4+ and one CD8+), generated from this lymphocyte culture, specifically lysed the allogeneic lymphoblastoid JY cells. The cytolytic capacity of LFA-1-negative T lymphocytes and T cell clones was comparable to that of control LFA-1-positive T cells with allospecificity against JY. Detailed analysis of the CD4 positive and LFA-1-negative T cell clone demonstrated that it specifically recognized HLA-DQ. Antibody inhibition studies showed that the CTL/target cell interaction was mediated through the CD2/LFA-3 adhesion pathway. LFA-1 expressed by the target cells did not participate in the CTL/target cell conjugate formation and contributed only minimally to the cytotoxic activity. Moreover, when allogeneic LFA-1-deficient B cells, bearing the appropriate HLA-DQ alloantigen, were used as target cells, significant levels of specific cytotoxicity were measured, further excluding a role for LFA-1 in this interaction. The adhesion molecules, VLA-4, CD44 and L-selectin (LECAM1) were not involved. These results demonstrate that LFA-1-negative T lymphocytes can exert allospecific cytotoxicity and that CTL/target cell contact is mediated through the CD2/LFA-3 route. This observation may explain in part why in LAD patients viral infections, cleared largely by T cells, are less frequently observed than bacterial infections, in which phagocytic cells play a major role.

PMID:
1376259
DOI:
10.1002/eji.1830220620
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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