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Mutat Res. 1992 Jun;274(1):1-9.

Psoralen damage-induced plasmid recombination in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: dependence on RAD1 and RAD52.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Queens College, City University of New York, Flushing 11367.


Photoreaction with psoralen, a DNA-crosslinking reagent, induces mitotic recombination in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Psoralen damage-induced recombination was studied with non-replicating plasmids, which transform yeast cells by undergoing recombination events with chromosomal DNA. When plasmid DNA was photoreacted with psoralen in vitro and transformed into yeast cells, transformation was stimulated by psoralen modification in a dose-dependent manner. The stimulation by psoralen damage requires RAD52 gene function and is partially dependent on RAD1. Analysis of transformants indicates that plasmid integration occurs at the homologous chromosomal loci. Multiple tandem integrations are common in repair-proficient cells, with more than 20 copies of integrated plasmid seen in some transformants. Multiple integration depends on RAD1 function; only 9% of rad1 transformants, compared to 80% of RAD transformants, contained multiple plasmid copies, while 52% of the rad1 transformants were produced by gene conversion.

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