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Neuron. 1992 May;8(5):947-56.

The trkB tyrosine protein kinase is a receptor for neurotrophin-4.

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Department of Molecular Biology, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-4000.


Neurotrophin-4 is a novel member of the nerve growth factor family of neurotrophins recently isolated from Xenopus and viper DNA. We now report that the Xenopus NT-4 protein (XNT-4) can mediate some of its biological properties through gp145trkB, a murine tyrosine protein kinase previously identified as a primary receptor for the related brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). XNT-4 displaces 125I-labeled BDNF from binding to cells expressing gp145trkB receptors, induces their rapid phosphorylation on tyrosine residues, and causes the morphologic transformation of NIH 3T3 cells when coexpressed with gp145trkB. Moreover, XNT-4 induces the differentiation of PC12 cells into sympathetic-like neurons only if they ectopically express gp145trkB receptors. None of these biochemical or biological effects could be observed when XNT-4 was added to cells expressing the related receptors. Replacement of one of the extracellular cysteines (Cys-345) of gp145trkB by a serine residue prevents its activation by XNT-4 but not by BDNF. Therefore, XNT-4 and BDNF may interact with at least partially distinct domains within the gp145trkB receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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