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J Immunol Methods. 1992 Apr 8;148(1-2):199-207.

Increased frequency of both total and specific monoclonal antibody producing hybridomas using a fusion partner that constitutively expresses recombinant IL-6.

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Department of Oncology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.


The addition of auxiliary feeder cells or conditioned medium has been shown to augment the yield of mouse hybridomas obtained following the cell-cell fusion of myeloma and B lymphocytes. The addition of one of these factors, interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been found to increase the proportion of hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies of desired specificity. As an alternative genetic approach, we have examined the efficacy of a retroviral infectant of Sp2/0 cells that constitutively expresses recombinant murine IL-6 (Sp2/mIL-6) as fusion partner. The results demonstrated that the yields of both viable Ig-secreting hybridomas, and antigen-specific monoclonal antibodies were increased 3-15-fold and 5-9-fold, respectively, with the Sp2/mIL-6 relative to Sp2/0 or Sp2/neo cells as fusion partner. Sp2/mIL-6 cells generated hybridomas with comparable growth rates, stability, and Ig production. The results of staining nascent hybridoma colonies immunohistochemically for Ig production suggest that Sp2/mIL-6 cells as a fusion partner increased the viability and/or stability of nascent hybrid cells that are producing Ig. Thus the Sp2/mIL-6 cells are an improved myeloma parent for the generation of large numbers of antibody-producing hybridomas against specific antigens.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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