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J Biol Chem. 1992 Mar 25;267(9):6297-301.

Cloning of the cDNa for a Na+/myo-inositol cotransporter, a hypertonicity stress protein.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205-2196.


Kidney medullary cells in situ, as well as kidney-derived Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells accumulate nonperturbing, small organic solutes (osmolytes), including myo-inositol, when bathed in hypertonic media. Accumulation of osmolytes balances the osmolality of extracellular fluid without raising intracellular salts that would perturb cellular functions. In hypertonic media, increased myo-inositol accumulation is the result of increased activity of a Na+/myo-inositol cotransporter. We have isolated a cDNA encoding a Na+/myo-inositol cotransporter from MDCK cells using expression in Xenopus oocytes. The cDNA sequence predicts a protein of 718 amino acids with a significant amino acid sequence similarity to the Na+/D-glucose cotransporters of absorbing epithelia. Transporter mRNA is present in kidney and brain and is markedly induced in MDCK cells by medium hypertonicity, demonstrating that adaptation to hypertonic stress involves up-regulation of transporter mRNA accumulation.

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