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J Bioenerg Biomembr. 1976 Dec;8(6):293-311.

Effect of long-chain fatty acids and acyl-CoA on mitochondrial permeability, transport, and energy-coupling processes.


The following effects of fatty acids and acyl-CoA thioesters on energy metabolism of mitochondria can now be assumed: (1) Inhibition of adenine nucleotide translocation. This effect may increase the energy state of mitochondria respiring under state 3 conditions and decrease phosphorylation potential in the surrounding medium (the cytoplasm). (2) Increased permeability to monovalent cations. This may lead to a partial energy dissipation due to a futile recycling of K+ (or another cation), namely and energy-dependent uptake and a passive outflow. (3) True uncoupling due to increased permeability to protons. This effect probably occurs at high concentrations of fatty acids only. (4) Substrate effect. Fatty acids in the form of acyl-CoA are excellent respiratory substrates for mitochondria of most tissues. Their oxidation is coupled to the generation of high energy state of the mitochondrial membrane and, consequently, to ATP synthesis.

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