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Ann Neurol. 1992 Jan;31(1):22-6.

Cyclic AMP metabolism in fragile X syndrome.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, IL.

Abstract

Cyclic AMP (cAMP) metabolism was studied in platelets from a series of 14 patients with fragile X syndrome (fra X) and 21 control individuals. 1-Isobutyl-3-methylxanthine was used to inhibit phosphodiesterase and thus measure cAMP production, prostaglandin E1 was used to assess receptor-mediated cAMP accumulation, and forskolin was used to directly stimulate the catalytic subunit. In patients with fra X, basal production was 63% of that of control subjects (p = 0.019). Prostaglandin E1- and forskolin-stimulated production were 61% (p = 0.039) and 56% (p = 0.012) of that of control subjects, respectively. cAMP production in 8 patients with fra X overlapped the control range, whereas measures of production in 6 patients formed a cluster with values lower than any of the 21 control subjects assayed, suggesting possible biochemical heterogeneity within patients with fra X. Results obtained from the group of patients with fra X suggest possible abnormal function or regulation of the catalytic subunit of adenylate cyclase in at least a subgroup of patients with fra X. Variability of biochemical findings in patients with fra X may reflect the known high variability of the clinical syndrome.

PMID:
1371909
DOI:
10.1002/ana.410310105
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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