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Virology. 1992 Mar;187(1):18-32.

Neutralizing epitopes on herpes simplex virus-1-expressed rotavirus VP7 are dependent on coexpression of other rotavirus proteins.

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Division of Gastroenterology, Stanford University, California 94305.


We constructed a recombinant thymidine kinase-negative herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) that expressed the rotavirus major outer capsid glycoprotein, VP7. In the recombinant HSV-1, a promoter from the 5' noncoding region of the HSV-1 glycoprotein B locus regulated the expression of VP7 as a HSV-1 gamma 1 gene product. HSV-1-expressed VP7 resembled rotavirus-expressed VP7 in its SDS-PAGE mobility, high mannose-type glycosylation, disulfide bonding, perinuclear to cytoplasmic localization, intracellular retention, and reactivity with polyclonal antisera and nonneutralizing antibodies. Unlike rotavirus-expressed VP7, HSV-1-expressed VP7 lacked several neutralizing epitopes by immuno-histochemical staining and by ELISA. One neutralizing epitope identified on HSV-1-expressed VP7 by ELISA was masked by paraformaldehyde fixation of recombinant HSV-1- but not rotavirus-infected cells. Neutralizing epitopes were restored to HSV-1-expressed VP7 by coinfection of cells with the HSV-1 recombinant and a heterologous rotavirus that lack the neutralizing epitopes. The recovered neutralizing epitopes were detected on double-shelled rotavirus particles produced in the coinfected cells. This study indicates that the formation of several neutralizing epitopes on rotavirus VP7 requires interaction of VP7 with other rotavirus proteins. In addition, HSV-1 was a useful vector for studying the localization, processing, and antigenicity of an RNA virus glycoprotein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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