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Urol Res. 1992;20(1):49-53.

Comparison of Bay K 8644, nitrendipine and atropine on spontaneous and pelvic-nerve-induced bladder contractions on rat bladder in vivo.

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Department of Urology, University of Bochum, FRG.


The effects of the dihydropyridine-type calcium antagonist (nitrendipine) and agonist (Bay K 8644) in comparison to atropine have been studied after intravenous administration on spontaneous and pelvic-nerve-induced contraction of rat urinary bladder. Bay K 8644 increased the basal internal bladder pressure as well as the amplitude of the spontaneous bladder contractions in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, an increase in systemic arterial blood pressure was noted for a period of about 20 min. In the presence of atropine the effects of Bay K 8644 on the urinary bladder were almost completely antagonized. Both nitrendipine and atropine reduced in a dose-dependent manner the amplitude of spontaneous and nerve-induced bladder contraction. The spontaneous and nerve-induced bladder contractions were significantly reduced by atropine or nitrendipine. Only nitrendipine caused a reduction of the spontaneous bladder contraction frequency. The systemic blood pressure was decreased significantly by nitrendipine but not after atropine administration. We suggest that both calcium antagonist and agonist can change the tension of the urinary bladder in vivo. As a side-effect the systemic blood pressure is altered. Atropine can antagonize the effect of BayK 8644 on the urinary bladder and reduces spontaneous and nerve-induced bladder contractions more specifically than nitrendipine.

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