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J Neurochem. 1992 Jan;58(1):335-41.

Glutamate receptor agonists stimulate nitric oxide synthase in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells.

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1
Fidia-Georgetown Institute for the Neurosciences, Georgetown University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C. 20007.

Abstract

The glutamate receptor agonist N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) stimulated a rapid, extracellular Ca(2+)-dependent conversion of [3H]arginine to [3H]citrulline in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells, indicating receptor-mediated activation of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. The NMDA-induced formation of [3H]citrulline reached a plateau within 10 min. Subsequent addition of unlabeled L-arginine resulted in the disappearance of 3H from the citrulline pool, indicating a persistent activation of NO synthase after NMDA receptor stimulation. Glutamate, NMDA, and kainate, but not quisqualate, stimulated both the conversion of [3H]arginine to [3H]citrulline and cyclic GMP accumulation in a dose-dependent manner. Glutamate and NMDA showed similar potencies for the stimulation of [3H]citrulline formation and cyclic GMP synthesis, respectively, whereas kainate was more potent at inducing cyclic GMP accumulation than at stimulating [3H]citrulline formation. Both the [3H]arginine to [3H]citrulline conversion and cyclic GMP synthesis stimulated by NMDA were inhibited by the NMDA receptor antagonist MK-801 and by the inhibitors of NO synthase, NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (MeArg) and NG-nitro-L-arginine (NOArg). However, MeArg, in contrast to NOArg, also potently inhibited [3H]arginine uptake. Kainate (300 microM) stimulated 45Ca2+ influx to the same extent as 100 microM NMDA, but stimulated [3H]citrulline formation to a much lesser extent, which suggests that NO synthase is localized in subcellular compartments where the Ca2+ concentration is regulated mainly by the NMDA receptor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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